The Forgotten Kingdom.

New investigations in the prehistory of Eswatini



The kingdom of Eswatini provides a rich archaeological sequence covering all time periods from the Early Stone Age to the Iron Age. For over 27 years though, no or very little archaeological research was conducted in the country. In the scope of a new project funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) we aim to re-excavate and re-date Lion Cavern, the potentially oldest ochre mine in the world. In addition, we conduct a largescale geological survey for outcrops of ochre and test their geochemical signatures for comparative studies with archaeological ochre pieces from MSA and LSA assemblages in Eswatini. Here we present a review of the research history of the kingdom and some preliminary results from our ongoing project.


Eswatini, Lion Cavern, Ochre, Provenance tracing


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Bibliographische Daten & Rezensionen

Citation Formats

Bader, G. D., Forrester, B., Ehlers, L., Velliky, E., MacDonald , B. L. und Linstädter, J. (2021) „The Forgotten Kingdom.: New investigations in the prehistory of Eswatini“, Journal of Global Archaeology, S. 1–12 (§). doi: 10.34780/7510-t906.