Taymāʾ I: Archaeological Exploration, Palaeoenvironment, Cultural Contacts

Autor/innen

Arnulf Hausleiter (Hrsg.)
Ricardo Eichmann (Hrsg.)
Muhammad al-Najem (Hrsg.)
Arnulf Hausleiter; Ricardo Eichmann; Muhammad al-Najem; Ariel M. Bagg; Helmut Brückner; Michèle Dinies; Max Engel; Peter Frenzel; Andreas Ginau; Matthias Grottker; Benjamin Heemeier; Patrick Keilholz; Nicole Klasen; Harald Kürschner; Reinder Neef; Arno Patzelt; Martin Patzke; Anna Pint; Gunnar Sperveslage; Peter Voß; Kai Wellbrock

Über dieses Buch

The present volume is the first of the publication series of the Saudi-German archaeological project and focuses on three fundamental aspects of research at Taymāʾ: the current archaeological exploration of the oasis is contextualised with previous and ongoing research within the region, while at the same time offering a first overview of the settlement history of the site, which may have started as early as more than 6000 years ago. New information on the palaeoenvironment has been provided by multiproxy-analysis of sediments from a palaeolake immediately north of the settlement. The results indicate an Early Holocene humid period in the region that is shorter than the so-called African Humid Period. The abrupt aridification at around 8 ka BP, known from other regions in the Near East, is also attested in north-western Arabia. The reconstruction of the past vegetation of the site and its surroundings demonstrates that oasis cultivation at Taymāʾ started during the 5th millennium BCE with grapes and figs, rather than with the date palm. According to hydrological investigations on water resources, groundwater aquifers provided the main source of local water supply. These were exploited through wells, some of which have been identified in the area of the ancient oasis. Finally, since the time of early travellers to Northwest Arabia evidence of cultural contacts has been observed in the records from the site, which had been occupied by the last Babylonian king, Nabonidus (556–539 BCE) for ten years. A historical-archaeological essay on Egypt and Arabia as well as a study on the ambiguous relationship between Assyria and Arabia – characterised by conflict and commerce – shed new light on the foreign relations of ancient Taymāʾ.

Kapitel

  • Foreword - Introduction - Preface
  • The Archaeological Exploration of the Oasis of Taymāʾ
    Arnulf Hausleiter, Ricardo Eichmann
  • Palaeoenvironmental Changes at Taymāʾ as Inferred from Sabkha Infill
    Max Engel, Nicole Klasen, Andreas Ginau, Martin Patzke, Anna Pint, Peter Frenzel, Helmut Brückner
  • Taymāʾ Oasis (Saudi Arabia) and its Surroundings – a First Synthesis of the Flora, Vegetation, Natural Resources, and Floral History
    Harald Kürschner, Reinder Neef
  • Early to Middle Holocene Vegetational Development, Climatic Conditions and Oasis Cultivation in Taymāʾ: First Results from Pollen Spectra out of a Sabkha
    Michèle Dinies, Reinder Neef, Harald Kürschner
  • The Water Management of Taymāʾ and Other Ancient Oasis Settlements in the North-Western Arabian Peninsula – a Synthesis
    Kai Wellbrock, Peter Voß, Benjamin Heemeier, Patrick Keilholz, Arno Patzelt, Matthias Grottker
  • Ägypten und Arabien
    Gunnar Sperveslage
  • Untersuchungen zu den ‘arabischen’ Toponymen und zur Rezeption der ‘Araber’ in den historischen Quellen der Assyrer
    Ariel M. Bagg
Titelbild für Taymāʾ I: Archaeological Exploration, Palaeoenvironment, Cultural Contacts
Veröffentlicht
Dezember 5, 2018