e-Forschungsberichte https://publications.dainst.org/journals/index.php/efb <p>Die DAI e-Forschungsberichte erscheinen in 2-3 Einzelfaszikeln pro Jahr und bieten reich bebildert einem breiten Leserkreis aktuelle Informationen zu den weltweit laufenden Forschungskampagnen und Projekte des DAI. Die Berichte spiegeln die Bandbreite der Aktivitäten in den unterschiedlichsten Regionen der Welt, vom Mittelmeerraum über die Länder Eurasiens, Asiens und Afrikas bis nach Südamerika. <em>ISSN: 2198-7734</em></p> Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Pressestelle de-DE e-Forschungsberichte 2198-7734 Die Kommission zur Erforschung von Sammlungen archäologischer Funde und Unterlagen aus dem nordöstlichen Mitteleuropa (KAFU). Krieg und Zerstörung – Wiederherstellung, Rekonstruktion und Forschung. Die Arbeiten der Jahre 2001 bis 2019 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/index.php/efb/article/view/2311 <p>During the Second World War, museums and collections with long-standing traditions, including their associated research archives, were destroyed; surviving collections and archives were frequently scattered widely. Large parts of Poland, Lithuania and the Russian Federation were particularly affected. The “Commission for the Research of Collections of Archaeological Finds and Documents from Northeastern Central Europe“, founded in 2001 by the Museum für Vor- und Frühgeschichte of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation (MVF of the SPK) in Berlin and the Roman-Germanic Commission of the German Archaeological Institute on the initiative of German and Polish scholars, has set itself the task of tracking down and identifying, cataloguing, publishing and integrating the remaining finds and archival materials into current r research projects on the early history of the southern Baltic region between the river Oder and the Curonian Spit.</p> Hans-Ulrich Voß Copyright (c) 2020 2020-04-01 2020-04-01 1–5 1–5 Dra‘ Abu el-Naga, Ägypten. Das thebanische Pauloskloster (Deir el-Bachît). Zur Wiederverwendung von pharaonischen Bauteilen in der spätantiken Klosteranlage https://publications.dainst.org/journals/index.php/efb/article/view/2312 <p>In the Monastery of St Paulos (Deir el-Bakhît, Western Thebes), numerous inscribed architectural elements and grave goods were taken from the surrounding pharaonic tombs by the occupants of the Late Antique complex and reused for their own building projects. These spolia, which were already viewed by the monks as being of ancient origin, stand out due to the fact that they were placed in exposed spaces of the monastery with the decorated and/or inscribed side fully visible. This conspicuous feature, which is also attested in other monastic installations throughout Egypt, suggests that these architectural elements held a very specific meaning for the monastery‘s occupants.</p> Isa Böhme Copyright (c) 2020 2020-04-01 2020-04-01 6–11 6–11 Dra‘ Abu el-Naga, Ägypten. Ein angeblicher Fund aus Dra‘ Abu el-Naga: Die sog. Hundestele des Königs Wah-Anch Intef – Eine Forschungsgeschichte https://publications.dainst.org/journals/index.php/efb/article/view/2313 <p>The monument of the Eleventh Dynasty Theban ruler Horus Wah-Ankh Intef Aa (‘Intef II’) known as the ‘dog stela’ has been the subject of Egyptological investigations many times since its discovery in the middle of the 19th century, and has been discussed from many different perspectives. According to Egyptological tradition, the stela was discovered by the founding director of the Egyptian Antiquities Organization, Auguste Mariette, in the vast necropolis of Dra‘ Abu el-Naga (Western Thebes/Luxor) in 1860. A recent comprehensive study, however, reveals that neither of these points are correct: The stela was discovered by Mariette‘s first assistant, Marius F. J. Bonnefoy, in 1858, and not in Dra‘ Abu el-Naga but in the adjacent cemetery of el-Târif, today the name of a village further east. Although Mariette published a first drawing of the stela in 1872, it seems highly likely that he himself never actually saw the stela.</p> Daniel Polz Copyright (c) 2020 2020-04-01 2020-04-01 12–16 12–16 Dra‘ Abu el-Naga, Ägypten. Möbelfunde in Dra' Abu el-Naga https://publications.dainst.org/journals/index.php/efb/article/view/2314 <p>Since 2014, a project has been undertaken to filter the fragmentarily-preserved furniture from the innumerable wooden fragments that have been recorded throughout the necropolis of Dra‘ Abu el-Naga (Western Thebes). While only the individual pieces of three completely-preserved boxes, one table and one stool were in evidence at the start of the project, a multitude of various types of furniture have been identified in the meantime. In the frame of the investigation, the varying construction and surface features of the furniture pieces have been analysed in order to obtain information on the manufacturing process and also on the possible use of the objects over a longer period of time. Furthermore, an in-depth evaluation of the finds context of the individual fragments provides insights into the association of the furniture pieces within the necropolis as a whole with the aim of clarifying the question which burial once contained which object.</p> Anja Hilbig Copyright (c) 2020 2020-04-01 2020-04-01 17–23 17–23 Watfa, Ägypten. Die Arbeiten des Jahres 2019 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/index.php/efb/article/view/2315 <p>A team of the German Archaeological Institute Cairo has been working in the Graeco-Roman village of Philoteris since 2011. Thanks to a splendid geomagnetic map, the layout of the village, including its water supply, is well known. After the discovery in 2017 of the first hellenistic gymnasium archaeologically attested in Egypt, the campaign focussed this year on the deeper understanding of water lifting facilities along the main canals, and the gymnasium with its race track for the stadium run. The development of this hellenistic institution into the Roman period as understood in this year’s campaign underlines the dramatic changes in Egypt between the Ptolemaic and Roman periods.</p> Cornelia Römer Copyright (c) 2020 2020-04-01 2020-04-01 24–26 24–26 Vig, Albanien. Das spätantike Kastell und seine Umgebung. Die Arbeiten im Herbst 2018 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/index.php/efb/article/view/2316 <p>Since its discovery at the beginning of the 20th century, the location of the late ancient castrum of Vig in a wide river valley surrounded by mountains has given rise to speculation about its function. Protection from mountain tribes, the role as a station, and the organisation of ore mining were discussed. The last campaign of the project in autumn 2018 has been devoted primarily to these issues. Although copper deposits were found in the fort’s immediate vicinity, they apparently hadn’t mined here in ancient times. The castrum probably served to secure the nearby via Lissus – Naissus as well as the mountainous hinterland of the Zadrima plain.</p> Andreas Oettel Gëzim Hoxha Copyright (c) 2020 2020-04-01 2020-04-01 27–32 27–32 Samos, Griechenland. Notizen zu Samos während der NS-Zeit https://publications.dainst.org/journals/index.php/efb/article/view/2317 <p>In the 1930s, the excavation at the Heraion of Samos was seen as the German Archaeological Institute’s (DAI) “most exceptional undertaking”. Numerous publications document the important discoveries and valuable scientific knowledge gained on the island. The outbreak of World War Two and the subsequent occupation of Greece led to a cessation of all DAI activities on Samos for a period of several years. Samos was subject to three successive occupations during the war: first under Italy (May 1941 to September 1943), then Britain (“temporary liberation” from September to November 1943), and finally under the Germans (November 1943 to September 1944, the liberation took place on 5 October 1944). The island, situated in the Eastern Aegean Sea in direct proximity to neutral Turkey, was in a state of constant emergency. During the occupation, Samos endured looting, bombardments and massacres. Under these conditions of general lawlessness, archaeological artefacts were also at great risk – a topic that will be the focus of my article.</p> Alexandra Kankeleit Copyright (c) 2020 2020-04-01 2020-04-01 33–43 33–43 Gadara, Jordanien. Der ‚Gadara/Umm Qays Hinterland Survey‘. Die Arbeiten im Herbst 2019 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/index.php/efb/article/view/2318 <p>Since 2010, the German Archaeological Institute, Orient Department, Damascus Branch, conducts a hinterland survey around the ancient city of Gadara in north-western Jordan. The steep and sloping terrain with its mostly deflated surfaces is on the one hand difficult to survey and on the other hand only rarely allows for finding in situ findspots. Actual sites or findspots almost exclusively consist of ancient quarries, water channels and rock shelters which are still in use. Nevertheless, the region is rich in lithic material of different time periods, but with a dominant evidence of Middle-Paleolithic material. In addition, pottery and glass of predominantly/especially Roman origin and pottery of Islamic periods are evidence for the continuously settled area.</p> Dörte Rokitta-Krumnow Copyright (c) 2020 2020-04-01 2020-04-01 44–48 44–48 Tell Bleibil, Jordanien. Die Arbeiten des Jahres 2019 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/index.php/efb/article/view/2319 <p>As part of the “Wadi Shuʿaib Archaeological Survey Project (WSAS)”, excavations are carried out at the site of Tell Bleibil (Tall Bulaybil), located at the mouth of the alluvial fan of the Wadi Shuʿaib in the southern Jordan Valley, since 2017. The excavations conducted in 2019 continued to excavate the Iron Age settlement´s city wall, preserved to a height of almost four meters. Additionally, a corner of a bastion or tower protruding from the fortification wall was revealed. The exterior side was coated with a layer of yellow chaff tempered plaster which partially was still preserved in situ.</p> Alexander Ahrens Copyright (c) 2020 2020-04-01 2020-04-01 49–51 49–51 Baalbek, Libanon. Die Arbeiten des Jahres 2019 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/index.php/efb/article/view/2320 <p>Field research in Baalbek, located in the northern Beqaa plain of Lebanon, was resumed in summer 2019. Investigations took place in three areas and scholarly topics: small soundings in an area with medieval and late antique architectural remains should evaluate the scientific potential. In the famous Jupiter sanctuary, systematic investigation was also carried out into the use of colours in the buildings. In addition, the excavations in the pre-Roman mound under the altar courtyard of the Jupiter sanctuary were resumed and Middle Bronze Age strata investigated. The planing for the conservation and presentation of the ruins were also continued. Projects for the presentation of the monumental Roman bath are currently&nbsp; being developed.</p> Margarete Van Ess Julia Nádor Holger Wienholz Copyright (c) 2020 2020-04-01 2020-04-01 52–57 52–57 Doclea, Montenegro. Eine römische Stadt in Illyrien. Die Begehung des Jahres 2019 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/index.php/efb/article/view/2321 <p>The Roman city of Doclea in Montenegro was excavated between 1890 and 1892 and published by Piero Sticotti in 1913. The city has a forum and several temples, but it seems to lack residential quarters. Inscriptions point to the city’s founding in the Flavian period, but it may also be possible that it was founded in the Augustean period. A planned German-Montenegrin project aims to carry out new excavations as well as to reexamine the areas already excavated. The potential of such investigations already became evident during a first visit. A newly found relief fragment and a well-known gable relief can be assigned to a temple, which so far has hardly been noticed.</p> Andreas Oettel Miloš Živanović Copyright (c) 2020 2020-04-01 2020-04-01 58–64 58–64 Ostasien. Hirse – Wann das erste Getreide im nördlichen Ostasien domestiziert und verbreitet wurde. Die Arbeiten des Jahres 2019 (Projekte „BAYCHRON“ und „Bridging Eurasia“) https://publications.dainst.org/journals/index.php/efb/article/view/2322 <p>Although broomcorn and foxtail millet are among the earliest staple crop domesticates, their spread and impacts on demography remain controversial, mainly because of the use of indirect evidence. Bayesian modelling applied to a dataset of new radiocarbon dates derived from domesticated millet grains suggests that after their initial cultivation in the crescent around the Bohai Sea ca. 5800 cal yr BC (median date), the crops spread discontinuously across eastern Asia. In northern China, millet-based agriculture expanded westward only with a delay of ca. 1000 years between neighbouring regions, but supported a quasi-exponential population growth from 6000 to 2000 cal yr BC. Domesticated millet reached Kazakhstan ca. 2300 cal yr BC from where it was brought East again and introduced to Xinjiang together with wheat, barley, sheep/goat and cattle ca. 1900 cal yr BC. Even the Korean peninsula is relatively near to the area of millet’s initial domestication, its cultivation there did not start until ca. 3700 cal yr BC, i.e. after a time lag of about 2000 years. From Korea millet was taken to Japan ca. 1000 cal yr BC by peasants who kicked-off millet and rice agriculture at the easternmost isles of the Eurasian continent.</p> Mayke Wagner Christian Leipe Tengwen Long Elena A. Sergusheva Pavel E. Tarasov Copyright (c) 2020 2020-04-01 2020-04-01 65–71 65–71 Madinat al-Zahra, Spanien. Die Arbeiten des Jahres 2019 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/index.php/efb/article/view/2323 <p>Madīnat al-Zahrā’ was founded in 940 AD near Córdoba, Spain as the capital of the Umayyad caliphate. The aim of a five-year project of the German Archaeological Institute and the Junta de Andalucía is the investigation of the socalled Plaza de Armas, the central public square of the city. This season the eastern limit of the plaza was studied, providing new insight into the development of the plaza. Originally two separate building complexes stood across from each other, the palace of the caliph to the west and a second palace to the east, possibly inhabited by the crown prince. In a second phase a monumental plaza was constructed between the two existing buildings. Two porticos now faced each other across the plaza. This season a part of the eastern portico was excavated, including the central gate leading to the eastern palace. In 1010 AD the portico and the gate were destroyed by fire. From the destruction debris, elements of the gate were recovered, among them fragments of an arcade that had been located above the gate. Iron fittings of the gate were found, as well as an iron clad shutter of the arcade.</p> Felix Arnold Copyright (c) 2020 2020-04-01 2020-04-01 72–77 72–77 Meroe, Sudan. Connecting Foodways. Ein neues Projekt zu Esstraditionen in Nordost-Afrika und ihren kulturellen Verflechtungen https://publications.dainst.org/journals/index.php/efb/article/view/2324 <p>Focusing on past culinary practices, the “Connecting Foodways” project explores cross-cultural connections and technological transmission between the Middle Nile Valley and central and eastern Africa during the early Iron Age (ca. 1000 BC – 1000 AD). It is one of twelve projects of the DFG Priority Program “Entangled Africa” (SPP 2143), which explores inner-African relations and thereby develops new perspectives for joint archaeological research in Africa.</p> Ulrike Nowotnick Steven Matthews Copyright (c) 2020 2020-04-01 2020-04-01 78–84 78–84 Resafa, Syrien. Die Arbeiten der Jahre 2017 bis 2019 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/index.php/efb/article/view/2325 <p>The work within the Resafa-project focusses on the scholarly analysis of the fieldwork that has been undertaken since the early years of the excavations in the 1950s. In two teams working at the University of Bamberg (M. Konrad, V. Fugger) and the University of Technology Berlin (D. Sack, M. Gussone) our research that is conducted in different interdisciplinary cooperations aims to a superordinate interpretation of the early Christian pilgrimage site within its multiple environmental, political, social, ethnic and religious networks in a diachronic perspective throughout the time of its existence. Parallel and as a material base to these studies the work on the detailed reconstruction of the development of the site between the 1st and the 13th century AD was continued. Furthermore the analysis of the city walls and the so-called “Zentralbau“ as well as research on the mainly Byzantine and Early Islamic structures in the extra mural areas completed our knowledge about the fine chronology of the site, its infrastructure and surroundings.</p> Michaela Konrad Dorothée Sack Verena Fugger Martin Gussone Copyright (c) 2020 2020-04-01 2020-04-01 85–96 85–96 Henchir Bourgou (Djerba), Tunesien. Die Arbeiten der Jahre 2017 bis 2019 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/index.php/efb/article/view/2330 <p>The ancient site of Henchir Bourgou (Djerba), Tunisia, is the object of archaeological research conducted jointly by the Tunisian National Heritage Institute, the Ludwigs Maximilians University Munich and the German Archaeological Institute since 2017. The reports presents an overview on the activities in Henchir­ Bourgou done in 2017–2019 and gives an outlook on the potential of the site with its stratigraphy covering more than thousand years of settlement history.</p> Sami Ben Taher Philipp von Rummel Stefan Ritter Mekki Aoudi Michèle Dinies Jörg Fassbinder Karin Mansel Heike Möller Tomoo Mukai Joris Peters Silvio Reichmuth Simon Trixl Copyright (c) 2020 2020-04-01 2020-04-01 97–108 97–108 Istanbul, Türkei. Von Babylon nach Istanbul. Erste Einblicke in die Babylon Sammlung des Istanbuler Archäologischen Museums (2017–2019) https://publications.dainst.org/journals/index.php/efb/article/view/2331 <p>For two years an interdisciplinary team has been dedicated to the evaluation of the small part of the finds of the German Oriental Society‘s excavations in Babylon before and during the First World War, which is store in the Archaeological Museums in Istanbul. Despite the fact that in most cases the findspots are almost impossible to clarify, the archaeological artefacts themselves provide unique insights into the chronological development and the cultural diversity of one of the most important cities of the Ancient Near East; especially since the material culture in its chronological and cultural diversity has so far contributed only very little to Babylon‘s interpretation.</p> Andreas Schachner Copyright (c) 2020 2020-04-01 2020-04-01 109–116 109–116 Milet, Türkei. Marmorprovenienz und bauwirtschaftliche Paradoxe (nach Vorarbeiten 2018 und 2019) https://publications.dainst.org/journals/index.php/efb/article/view/2332 <p>The field activity at Miletus focused on the identification and photographic documentation of the architectural decoration of Late Roman Imperial buildings (Serapeion, Heroon III, Stadion-East Gate, Theatre, Delphinion, and Faustina-Baths) and on investigating the provenance of its building material. Marble samples were subject of analysis including measurements of stable isotopes (δ18O; δ13C) and petrographical (thin sections) and geochemical characterisation (ICP-MS). The results of the statistical analysis of the archaeometrical data reveal the massive use of marmor heracleoticum in Roman Imperial time and lead to a new definition of the isotopic fields of the Miletus quarries. With regard to the dynamics of the building economy a paradoxical situation can be determined, as certain building sites like the Roman theatre make extensive use of the most expensive white-grey marble in Roman marble trade (Heracleotic marble) along with the massive employment of the fairly propitiously spoliated architecture.</p> Natalia Toma Copyright (c) 2020 2020-04-01 2020-04-01 117–123 117–123