e-Forschungsberichte https://publications.dainst.org/journals/efb <p>Die DAI e-Forschungsberichte erscheinen in 2-3 Einzelfaszikeln pro Jahr und bieten reich bebildert einem breiten Leserkreis aktuelle Informationen zu den weltweit laufenden Forschungskampagnen und Projekte des DAI. Die Berichte spiegeln die Bandbreite der Aktivitäten in den unterschiedlichsten Regionen der Welt, vom Mittelmeerraum über die Länder Eurasiens, Asiens und Afrikas bis nach Südamerika.</p> <p><em>ISSN: 2198-7734</em></p> Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Pressestelle de-DE e-Forschungsberichte 2198-7734 Frankfurt am Main, Deutschland. ClaReNet. Klassifikation und Repräsentation keltischer Münzprägungen im Netz. Das Projekt von 2021 bis 2024 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/efb/article/view/3975 <p>The joint project ClaReNet, funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research, is testing the possibilities and the limits of new methods of classification and representation on the basis of three Celtic coinages, each selected as an example for specific research questions and problems. Traditional approaches to classification in numismatics and archaeology are compared with classification methods from information technology, including deep learning. An extendable virtual union catalogue, celticcoinage.org, complying with the FAIR principles, will be implemented for the coin series that we are investigating. The work process will be accompanied by a science and technology study, which will contribute to a reflection on the changes in knowledge processes that result from the use of digital tools and algorithms. The aim is to systematically assess in an interdisciplinary dialogue the potential and limits of automation for processes of classification and representation in numismatics and archaeology.</p> David Wigg-Wolf Kerstin P. Hofmann Karsten Tolle Katja Rösler Markus Möller Chrisowalandis Deligio Julia Tietz Caroline von Nicolai Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-04 2022-11-04 § 1–21 § 1–21 10.34780/9rgb-or3d Athen, Griechenland. Forschungen im Rahmen des Projektes »Shapes of Ancient Greece«: Das Fragment einer spätgeometrischen Riesenamphora. Arbeiten im Jahr 2022 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/efb/article/view/3978 <p>A fragment of a giant vessel dating to the Late Geometric period (c. 750 BC) with two partly preserved mourners from the margin of a prothesis or ekphora scene is kept in the archaeological collection of the German Archaeological Institute at Athens. It is demonstrated that the fragment formed part of a belly-handled amphora that was manufactured in the Dipylon workshop. The sherd was found in Athens in the area of the railway line slightly west of Theseion station. Therefore, the amphora fragment bears witness to the existence of an otherwise unknown high status burial place next to the cemeteries in the Kerameikos and the Agora area that was probably destroyed during construction of the railway.</p> Florian Ruppenstein Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-04 2022-11-04 § 1–12 § 1–12 10.34780/63wd-ev3c Olympia, Griechenland. Die Geschichte der Ausgrabung in der III. und IV. Kampagne. Eine digitale Rekonstruktion in iDAI.field. Die Arbeiten des Jahres 2021 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/efb/article/view/3979 <p>The project »Olympia – Die Geschichte der Ausgrabung in der III. und IV. Kampagne« is part of a large-scale research project, which aims to digitally reconstruct the early excavations at Olympia. The main emphasis of the DAI’s research fellowship was the third and fourth campaign of the so-called Alte Grabung, that took place between 1877 and 1879. Based on digital copies of the archival material, the project aimed at reconstructing the excavations and their progress over the course of time and to allot the reconstructed sections with additional information regarding finds and their context.</p> Kristina Zielke Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-04 2022-11-04 § 1–21 § 1–21 10.34780/q6ab-27mf Uruk, Irak. Wissenschaftliche Forschungen und Konservierungsarbeiten. Die Arbeiten der Jahre 2020 bis 2022 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/efb/article/view/3980 <p>Scientific fieldwork in Uruk, which has been resumed in 2015, as well as conservation measures on excavated structures open to visitors, were suspended between spring 2019 and late autumn 2020, initially due to unclear political conditions, then because of the worldwide restrictions caused by the COVID 19 pandemic. The period without field campaigns was used for the processing of previous findings and analyses as well as, in particular, the preparation of the publication of the pottery from Uruk. In addition, the existing digital topographical data were converted into a three-dimensional topographical model in such a way that it can be used for further analyses and visualisations of the previous excavation findings. However, the very wet winters of 2018/19 and 2019/20 had highly destabilised one structure, the ›stone building‹ at the foot of the ›Anu-Zikkurrat‹. The decision was taken to completely backfill the building as an emergency protective measure. This was carried out by the Iraqi-German conservation team despite Covid lockdowns in the autumn of 2020. In the autumn of 2021, further conservation measures followed on the ›Anu-Zikkurrat‹, which led to important additional scientific findings about the structure. In spring 2022, a short archaeological field campaign was possible, the main task of which was the emergency salvage of an almost completely preserved boat from around 2000 BC.</p> Margarete van Ess Max Haibt Mayssoun Issa Simone Mühl Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-04 2022-11-04 § 1–31 § 1–31 10.34780/r73d-236v Kal-e Chendar/Shami, Iran. Ein ungehobener Schatz hellenistischer Plastik aus der Elymais. Die Arbeiten des Jahres 2021 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/efb/article/view/3981 <p>In 1935 and 1936, an important find complex of Hellenistic and Parthian sculptures was discovered in Kal-e Chendar/Shami, Khuzestan (southwest Iran). These statues, now in the Iranian National Museum in Tehran and the British Museum in London, are now being studied in context for the first time. The project, launched in spring 2021, includes archaeological, art-historical and natural-scientific investigations and will make an important contribution to the understanding of the sanctuary at Kal-e Chendar, to the history of Hellenistic and »Parthian« art, and to the study of ancient large bronzes. This is the report on the findings of the preliminary studies conducted in Tehran in 2015 and 2016 and the studies at the British Museum in 2021.</p> Gunvor Lindström Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-04 2022-11-04 § 1–26 § 1–26 10.34780/tead-tf13 Tabrīz, Iran. Ilkhanid Tabrīz. Architectural and Archaeological Research on the Rabʿi Rashīdī. Season 2019 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/efb/article/view/3982 <p>This article presents preliminary results of the 2019 archaeological campaign on the Rabʿi Rashīdī archaeological site in Tabrīz (Iran). The work undertaken included a geophysical survey, limited excavations as well as an architectural and topographical survey of the whole site. While excavations show for the first time structural remains from the Ilkhanid period (ie early 14th century) and their connections with later occupation, the topographical and architectural survey of the whole site bring new light on its organisation and fortification as well as new questions on specific structures and their meanings.</p> Thomas Lorain Christian Fuchs Lorenz Korn Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-04 2022-11-04 § 1–35 § 1–35 10.34780/3h77-denz Selinunt, Italien. Forschungen in Selinunt, Teil 2. Die Arbeiten der Jahre 2020 und 2021 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/efb/article/view/3983 <p>In 20220/21, work at Selinunte could continue despite the pandemic. Apart from a new DFG project on the diachronic development of the city (see ­Jonasch et al. 2022), work on the design of the sacred space on the agora and in the eastern harbour of Selinunte could be brought forward. In addition, there were drill-cored landscape archaeological investigations.</p> Ortwin Dally Jon Albers Sophie Helas Axel Miß Marlen Schlöffel Steffen Schneider Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-04 2022-11-04 § 1–26 § 1–26 10.34780/a4dg-385a Sevilla, Spain. The chalcolithic mega-site of Valencina de la Concepción (Sevilla), Spain. Results of the fieldwork from 2018 to 2020 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/efb/article/view/3984 <p>The chalcolithic site of Valencina de la Concepción is located in Andalusia, in southern Spain, on the western edge of the Lower Guadalquivir river basin. The settlement area and a contemporaneous necropolis extend over more than 460 ha, constituting the largest site among a series of chalcolithic mega-­sites located throughout the southwest of the Iberian Peninsula. The project focuses on the history of the chalcolithic settlement of Valencina de la Concepción. The investigations include excavations and field surveys on the agricultural land in the northern area of the archaeological site. Through geomagnetic surveys ten different lines of ditches, forming a total of five different enclosures and a sixth, smaller one could be detected. Besides ditches and pits, six dwelling structures and workshops, partially dug into the geological base, are being excavated. The available information and radiocarbon dates from the ditches and excavated structures indicate a continuous occupation of the settlement of Valencina from 3300/3200 to 2200 cal. BC and allow a hypothetical reconstruction of the different enclosures. Between 2300 and 2200 cal. BC settlement activity in Valencina came almost to an end. There are only a few remains indicating occupation of the site during a final stage of the Early Bronze Age, between 1900 and 1700 cal. BC.</p> Thomas X. Schuhmacher Frank Falkenstein Alfredo Mederos Martín Nils Ostermeier Charles Bashore Acero Natalie El Dana Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-04 2022-11-04 § 1–25 § 1–25 10.34780/52hm-323h Meroë, Sudan. Site Management und Konservierung durch Ausbildung. Capacity Building in den Jahren 2020 und 2021 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/efb/article/view/3985 <p>In 2020 and 2021, various capacity building measures by the DAI-headquarter supported the establishment of sustainable site management at the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Meroë in Sudan. The training courses addressed cultural heritage documentation and inventorying, as well as conservation and monitoring of the monuments. Sudanese cultural heritage specialists and interested individuals from a cross-professional group of archaeologists, monument conservators, restorers, students, local craftsmen and workers were qualified for the upcoming work at the World Heritage Site. The goal is to establish structured mechanisms involving local civil society to ensure the long-term protection and preservation of the unique site.</p> Alexandra Riedel Pawel Wolf Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-04 2022-11-04 § 1–13 § 1–13 10.34780/d34f-96f6 Boğazköy, Türkei. Die kaiserzeitlichen Strukturen in der nördlichen Unterstadt von Boğazköy. Erste Ergebnisse der Arbeiten von 2019 bis 2021 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/efb/article/view/3986 <p>Since 2014, the excavations in Boğazköy-Ḫattuša have concentrated on the Northern Lower City. Parallel to the widespread remains from the Bronze Age and numerous burials, which indicate the extension of the known necropolis to the north, building structures from the Roman imperial period were identified for the first time. A military camp, built in the 1st century AD, was rebuilt several times until the 4th century AD. And, in the course of the last three campaigns, a structure that was initially interpreted as a villa rustica turned out to be a bath complex in connection with a large water basin. The decoration of the construction phase in the 2nd century AD corresponds to Roman urban models, which were, however, implemented in inferior quality<br>by local craftsmen.</p> Dominique Krüger Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-04 2022-11-04 § 1–15 § 1–15 10.34780/36at-fd88 Didyma, Turkey. Archaeometric analyses of ceramics from excavations in Didyma. Season 2021 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/efb/article/view/3987 <p>Ceramics research has played a central role at Didyma since the German Archaeological Institute resumed excavations there in the 1960s. Building upon past preliminary work, the ongoing cataloguing and study of its various wares has created a typology of the local and regional pottery and architectural terracotta, spanning the Late Geometric to the Early Byzantine period (8th c. BC–7th c. AD). In 2021, with the aim of supplementing the current state of understanding that has been based primarily on macroscopic observation, a collection of 93 pieces representative of the current ceramic typology was sampled for archaeometric analyses, including compositional and chromatic measurements and thin-section microscopy. The residues of the ceramic casting mould of a bronze tripod leg are subjected to Neutron activation analysis (NAA).</p> Ali Akın Akyol Alexandra Ch. J. von Miller Philip Sapirstein Marek Verčίk Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-04 2022-11-04 § 1–21 § 1–21 10.34780/6374-4w36 Istanbul, Türkei. Reliquientranslationen und die Konstruktion einer christlichen Sakraltopographie für Konstantinopel vom 4. bis zum 7. Jahrhundert. Die Arbeiten der Jahre 2020 und 2021 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/efb/article/view/3988 <p>When the emperor Constantine founded Constantinople in 330 CE, the city did not have much to offer in Christian terms compared to other urban centres in the Mediterranean. To balance out this deficit, relics from various places were brought to Constantinople, forming the foundation for the city’s fast-growing sacred topography. The project aims at a holistic analysis of this phenomenon by looking at who translated the relics, what objects were translated, how these translations affected urban space, and how they were performed. The research fellowship 2020/1 was dedicated to investigating intra-urban translations and how these impacted the connection between city centre and hinterland.</p> Nadine Viermann Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-04 2022-11-04 § 1–9 § 1–9 10.34780/e3c3-9e93 Karien, Türkei. Zur Reflexion der ptolemäischen Herrschaft in der karischen Münzprägung. Die Arbeiten des Jahres 2020 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/efb/article/view/3989 <p>Beside other Hellenistic hegemonies the Ptolemies ruled over Caria from the end of the 4th until the late 3rd century BC. The Carian domain of the Ptolemies extended from the islands opposite the Carian mainland along the Carian coast and to some cities in the Western inland. The seven cities of Iasos, Mylasa, Halikarnassos, Knidos, Kaunos, Kos and Kalymnos in the Ptolemaic sphere of influence minted coins during their rule in the 3rd century BC. As part of a three-month research project, the coins of these cities were examined to determine whether Ptolemaic coinage had an influence on Carian civic coinage from an iconographic and metrological perspective and whether the cities used the coins as a medium to communicate their loyalty to the Ptolemaic royal house.</p> Hülya Vidin Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-04 2022-11-04 § 1–23 § 1–23 10.34780/d13c-t353 Pergamon, Turkey. Monument Conservation and Capacity Building. The work of 2020 and 2021 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/efb/article/view/3990 <p>Highlight of 2020 was the finalisation of the conservation activities in the Red Hall, where several projects have been conducted since 2006. Furthermore in 2021 we finalized, the conservational efforts on the east retaining wall of the Gymnasium. In the same year, a new project has started focusing on retaining walls in danger of collapse at the theatre terrace. Besides this, urgent conservational works have been carried out in the Asklepieion, and at the Goths’ Wall since the grade of deterioration created imminent danger. All these works were accompanied by a capacity building project that has been running since 2019 with generous supports of the Gerda Henkel Foundation and the Culture Office of the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs, together with various local stakeholders.</p> Ulrich Mania Seçil Tezer-Altay Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-04 2022-11-04 § 1–18 § 1–18 10.34780/d33p-m3c6 Pergamon, Türkei. Pergamon. Die Arbeiten des Jahres 2021 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/efb/article/view/3991 <p>In 2021, the Pergamon excavation focused on work within the framework of the new research programme TransPerg­Mikro. The dating of the ›Gothic Wall‹ in the 3rd century CE could be confirmed. The discovery and documentation of an imperial-period peristyle building east of the Red Hall also contribute to our knowledge of the city's settlement history. The investigations of the amphi­theatre, the theatre at the Musalla Mezarlığı, and the ›Lower ­Western Gymnasion‹ by archaeological building research were completed. The excavation of a Roman imperial funeral building northwest of the ­Asklepieion, significant new evidence for the funerary culture of Pergamon's imperial-period elites was obtained. In the surroundings of the ancient city, the investigation of the extra-urban thermal baths was completed. The ­survey in the western micro-region focused on the transition zone of the ­eastern foothills of the Kara Dağ peninsula and the adjacent western Bakır Çay plain. In addition to the diachronic reconstruction of land use in an inten­sively surveyed area, surprisingly diverse settlement sites were newly discovered and documented. The investigations of sediment archives in the river plain and in Pergamon by Physical Geography were continued. The inter­disciplinary rescue excavation at the Ballık cave discovered the previous year was able to confirm a temporary place of settlement and tool-production of Epipalaeolithic hunter-gatherers as well as the use of the site as a sanctuary of the goddess Meter presumably since Archaic times.</p> Felix Pirson Copyright (c) 2022 2022-11-04 2022-11-04 § 1–48 § 1–48 10.34780/3ja9-e9n3