e-Forschungsberichte https://publications.dainst.org/journals/efb <p>Die DAI e-Forschungsberichte erscheinen in 2-3 Einzelfaszikeln pro Jahr und bieten reich bebildert einem breiten Leserkreis aktuelle Informationen zu den weltweit laufenden Forschungskampagnen und Projekte des DAI. Die Berichte spiegeln die Bandbreite der Aktivitäten in den unterschiedlichsten Regionen der Welt, vom Mittelmeerraum über die Länder Eurasiens, Asiens und Afrikas bis nach Südamerika.</p> <p><em>ISSN: 2198-7734</em></p> Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Pressestelle de-DE e-Forschungsberichte 2198-7734 Kalapodi, Griechenland. Der Südtempel von Kalapodi. Zu den ­Grundrissen der früh- und hocharchaischen Phase. Die Arbeiten der Jahre 2019 und 2020 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/efb/article/view/3860 <p>The South Temple of Kalapodi reveals a system of measurements for both the early archaic and the high archaic phases in which the proportions of the respective structure were conceived. For the design of the archaic peripteros in particular, an in principle simple procedure was demonstrated that established a coherent relationship between cella and peristasis. The essential components of the building were coordinated in their dimensions within a modular system and the ground plan was based on a continuous square grid. The comparison with the immediately neighbouring northern temple finally leads to the conclusion that both buildings were planned in a joint arrangement.</p> Klaus Müller Copyright (c) 2022 2022-07-27 2022-07-27 § 1–17 § 1–17 10.34780/jd86-8e3n Orchomenos, Griechenland. »Berühmt wie nur irgendeine ­sonstige Stadt...« – neue Forschungen in Orchomenos. Projekt »STADT und ­MAUER in politischen und urbanistischen Umbruchsphasen des 4. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. in Mittelgriechenland« https://publications.dainst.org/journals/efb/article/view/3861 <p>Since 2021 a research project at the DAI Athens is dedicated to fortifications and urban development in Central Greece during the 4th century BC. As part of this project new fieldwork was initiated in Boeotian Orchomenus. Its well preserved fortification system includes the main city’s circuit with ­diateichismata, the acropolis fortress and several extraurban defence structures, the functions and chronological sequence of which are not clear yet. A new survey of the fortification will hopefully contribute to a better understanding of Orchomenus‘ urban development in the classical and hellenistic ­period. The research is based on the new topographical map of the city (­measured 1997–2000 by the DAI Athens) as well as new fieldwork started in autumn 2021.</p> Eric Laufer Copyright (c) 2022 2022-07-27 2022-07-27 § 1–14 § 1–14 10.34780/86fe-528l Selinunt, Italien. Forschungen in Selinunt, Teil 1. Ein neues ­Modell für die Stadt Selinunt. Die Feldarbeiten des Jahres 2021 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/efb/article/view/3862 <p>Since 2021, the German Research Foundation has been funding a new interdisciplinary field project to investigate the urban fabric of the Greek colony of Selinous in a spatially comprehensive and diachronic perspective. The project aims at extending the existing model of the ideal Greek city by considering also the historically conditioned fractures in the urban development and the multiple transformations of the living space between the 7th and 3rd cen­tury BCE. This is to be pursued by large scale archaeological, geophysical and geoarchaeological prospections, small excavations in selected areas and the thorough study of the finds and archaeobiological remains. This is a report about the first field campaigns of the various specialist disciplines and a ­presentation of some preliminary results.</p> Melanie Jonasch Linda Adorno Aurelio Burgio Antonio Di Maggio Morten Harms Marlen Schlöffel Steffen Schneider Dennis Wilken Copyright (c) 2022 2022-07-27 2022-07-27 § 1–33 § 1–33 10.34780/ftd4-fm24 Umm Qays, Jordanien. Das Objekt im Blick. Untersuchung und ­experimenteller Nachbau. Bauwerkserhaltung im ›alten‹ Dorf von Umm Qays (Jordanien). Die Arbeiten des Jahres 2021 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/efb/article/view/3915 <p>Integrated into a building conservation training program that has been ­running since 2016, a team of German craftsmen and Jordanian and Syrian workers restored a former guest and meeting room in the old village of Umm Qays in accordance with the requirements for monument preservation. The restoration measures were based on previous scientific research. Due to the increasing loss of craftmanship, many of the historical construction techniques had to be reacquired on site. It was only through the mutual knowledge gained from research and practice, supplemented by the ­exchange with the local population, that the measures could be successfully ­completed.</p> Olga Zenker Claudia Bührig Copyright (c) 2022 2022-07-27 2022-07-27 § 1–18 § 1–18 10.34780/ha3w-8nbw Aigai (Aeolis), Türkei. Bauforschung am hellenistischen Marktbau. Die Arbeiten des Jahres 2021 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/efb/article/view/3863 <p>The agora building at Aigai is a well-known Hellenistic structure. After its first documentation in 1886 by a German team led by Richard Bohn, it became a reference for multi-storeyed agora buildings in Western Anatolia. However, the building was never fully documented and studied in detail. This ­contribution presents the preliminary results of a new project that started in 2021 aiming to fill this gap with a thorough building archaeological study. workflow that ensures the quality of a 3D model is presented.</p> Moritz Kinzel Burcu Akan Yusuf Sezgin Copyright (c) 2022 2022-07-27 2022-07-27 § 1–16 § 1–16 10.34780/3w83-v24f Boğazköy, Türkei. Hattuša. Ein Resümee der letzten Forschungs­dekade. Die Arbeiten der Jahre 2009 bis 2021 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/efb/article/view/3864 <p>In the last decade, research on Boğazköy has made significant progress. ­Contrary to earlier reconstructions, it can be assumed that there was an uninterrupted settlement development beginning at the turn of the 3rd to 2nd millennium BC. The Hittite period is characterised by dynamic ups and downs in the intensity of use of the settled area, which has so far been interpreted as completely used. Findings from the 1st millennium BC show that from the late 9th/early 8th century BC a hierarchically structured society can be expected, whose elites are visible for the first time in a monumental building. A fortified complex of the Hellenistic-Galatian era provides insights into social hierarchies for the first time by finds of prestigious objects. It is remarkable that tendencies of long-term cultural traditions are recognisable in the pottery. In the north of the lower town, an extensive use of the Roman Imperial period was uncovered, including a military camp, a bath and a large water basin with a banqueting room. Based on numerous conversions, the development of these structures can be traced from the 1st to the 4th ­century AD.</p> Andreas Schachner Copyright (c) 2022 2022-07-27 2022-07-27 § 1–17 § 1–17 10.34780/6r2l-2l38 Boncuklu Tarla (Mardin), Turkey. Near Eastern Neolithic Archi­tecture (NENA). The case of Boncuklu Tarla. Season 2021 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/efb/article/view/3865 <p>Despite the fact that the architecture is one of the most prominent features of the Near Eastern Neolithic, there has not yet been a well-established ­research group dealing with it. This desideratum has prompted us to initiate NENA to exchange findings, interpretations, terminologies, technologies and sites. As part of NENA, excavation projects are supported in the field to ­document and study Neolithic architecture. In this framework an early ­Neo­lithic building at Boncuklu Tarla/Southeast-Turkey was investigated in 2021.</p> Moritz Kinzel Copyright (c) 2022 2022-07-27 2022-07-27 § 1–17 § 1–17 10.34780/21el-6q12 Pietrele, Rumänien. Măgura Gorgana. Ein kupferzeit­licher Siedlungshügel. Die Arbeiten der Jahre 2019 und 2021 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/efb/article/view/3866 <p>During the ongoing archaeological work in Pietrele, Măgura Gorgana (jud. Giurgiu) in Romania, the lower layers of the Copper Age settlement mound were reached during the campaigns of the last years. The recorded features belong to the earliest occupation phase and represent the oldest remains of the settlement. Reaching these layers now makes it possible to record the development of the settlement without gaps and also to comprehensively assess the relationship between the tell settlement itself and the surrounding flat settlement. The integration of scientific studies on the ­reconstruction of the environment as well as archaeobotanical analyses of material from different areas of the settlement also provide information on the appearance of the landscape and shed light on the interactions between humans and the environment in the 5th millennium BCE.</p> Antonella Aquaro Katrin Beutler Rodica Boroffka Svend Hansen Mehmet Karaucak Janine Martin Konstantin Scheele Meda Toderaş Copyright (c) 2022 2022-07-27 2022-07-27 § 1–27 § 1–27 10.34780/bfe8-b7sn Baraba Waldsteppe, Russland. Westsibirien. Neues zu Andronovo-Fundplätzen in der nördlichen Baraba Steppe. Die Arbeiten der Jahre 2020 und 2021 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/efb/article/view/3867 <p>The steppe and forest-steppe zone of Western Siberia is one of the core ­regions of the Eurasian continent. Among the sites in the Siberian Forest steppe, those of the Andronovo (Fёdorovo) cultural community occupy a ­special position. In the northern Baraba Forest steppe many burial sites of these communities are known, including the large necropolises of Tartas 1, a long-term joint excavation of the Eurasia-Department and the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology in Novosibirsk. However, nearly no settlements associated with the necropolises were known and it was a mystery, where the population lived at that time. In 2020, such an Andronovo (Fёdorovo) settlement site was discovered near the village of Vengerovo, Novosibirisk region; excavations started in 2021. The location of this site was surprising. Unlike other settlements, the site of Tartas 5 is located not on the riverbank but in the floodplain of the Tartas River. The site revealed a stratigraphy with two cultural horizons and sterile sediments in-between, stemming from ­repeated flooding of the plain. The lower stratum is associated with the ­Andronovo (Fёdorovo) cultural community, the upper layer dates most likely to the Iron Age. A short overview of complexes, layers, and the animal bone collection analyzed in 2021 is given. First dates place into the 15th/14th ­century BCE.</p> Sabine Reinhold Jana Eger Lilja S. Kobeleva Vjačeslav I. Molodin Lûdmila N. Mylnikova Copyright (c) 2022 2022-07-27 2022-07-27 § 1–17 § 1–17 10.34780/8ih9-xa98 Tayma, Saudi-Arabien. Funeräre Landschaften, Kontakte und Mobilität in der Bronzezeit ­Nordwestarabiens (3.–2. Jt. v. Chr.). Die Arbeiten des Jahres 2020 https://publications.dainst.org/journals/efb/article/view/3953 <p>First systematic investigations in the cemeteries of Rujum Sa'sa' south of the Tayma oasis focused on the interdisciplinary excavation and analysis of ­Bronze Age (3rd and 2nd millennia BCE) built tombs. More than two thousands of such tombs have survived as mounds on the surface, forming an extensive burial landscape. Most of them have a circular shape, and at least two types of different chambers are attested. Rectangular graves, meanwhile, are less common. During the first season of the project (2020), excavations were ­conducted in six graves. 14C data from human remains from these graves ­cover the late 3rd to early 2nd millennium BCE. The excavations and analysis of the collapse indicate that the tombs were not designed as ›tumuli‹ but were constructed with visible facades.</p> Arnulf Hausleiter Copyright (c) 2022 2022-07-27 2022-07-27 § 1–15 § 1–15 10.34780/5gu2-aagb