e-Forschungsberichte 2021-12-15T15:34:06+01:00 Redaktion e-Jahresberichte und e-Forschungsberichte Open Journal Systems <p>Die DAI e-Forschungsberichte erscheinen in 2-3 Einzelfaszikeln pro Jahr und bieten reich bebildert einem breiten Leserkreis aktuelle Informationen zu den weltweit laufenden Forschungskampagnen und Projekte des DAI. Die Berichte spiegeln die Bandbreite der Aktivitäten in den unterschiedlichsten Regionen der Welt, vom Mittelmeerraum über die Länder Eurasiens, Asiens und Afrikas bis nach Südamerika.</p> <p><em>ISSN: 2198-7734</em></p> Vau i Dejës, Albanien. Das hellenistische Heiligtum. Die Arbeiten des Jahres 2021 2021-12-15T15:34:03+01:00 Andreas Oettel Gëzim Hoxha <p>The small Hellenistic sanctuary at Vau i Dejës (Northern Albania) was discovered in only 2015. The small village is located in the northeast of the Zadrima plain which extends between the modern cities of Shkodra and Lezha, formerly the ancient poleis of Skodra and Lissos. The site which is situated on a hill is marked by a rugged rock surface. The remarkably rich finds consist chiefly of sherds from fine Hellenistic ceramics and further of terracotta fragments from a female deity as well as Hellenistic coins and metal objects. In addition, there were some vessel fragments and coins from the period of Late Antiquity. Not one single object could be attributed to the Roman Period (1st–3rd centuries AD).</p> 2021-12-17T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 e-Forschungsberichte Berlin, Deutschland/Olympia, Griechenland. Digital Roofs. Die Arbeiten der Jahre 2020 und 2021 2021-12-15T15:34:01+01:00 Friederike Fless Annalize Rheeder <p>The project »digital roofs« has three goals: (1) to develop and test new methods for the digital documentation of roof tile finds, (2) to facilitate the processing and dissemination of unpublished roof tile assemblages and (3) to compile a compendium of well-documented comparative finds. Several departments of the German Archaeological Institute are working together to achieve these goals. The main project, based in Berlin, has developed ­procedures, methods and techniques that are being tested, discussed and refined on current projects (carried out) by the departments in Athens and Rome.</p> 2021-12-17T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Athen, Griechenland. »Shapes of Ancient Greece«: Ein Projekt zur Digitalisierung der archäologischen Sammlung der Abteilung Athen. Der ­Beginn der Arbeiten 2021 2021-12-15T15:33:59+01:00 Jonathan Ritter Florian Ruppenstein Annika Skolik Katja Sporn <p>The project »Shapes of Ancient Greece« is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research and aims at digitizing and re-contextualizing the complete archaeological collection of the Athens branch of the German ­Archaeological Institute. Furthermore, all the approximately 37.000 objects will be provided with metadata. Most of these objects are pottery sherds. The items will be both photographed and scanned. The »Laser Aided Profiler« is used for generating two-dimensional profil drawings. The »Go!SCAN 3D-Scanner« for creating 3D models of selected objects. The digital images and the metadata will be published in iDAI.objects and linked to other databases under the umbrella of the portal.</p> 2021-12-17T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Rome, Italy. The Palatine Hill in Rome and its history of research in the 19th century. A report on the latest ›excavations‹ in the archives of Rome. Season 2021 2021-12-15T15:33:57+01:00 Barbara Sielhorst Valentina Santoro <p>The Palatine in Rome has a very long and well-documented history of ­research. However, there is no systematic compilation of the images produced during its exploration. With the help of a research grant (Santoro), ­extensive materials were collected for its exploration in the 19th century. The images researched in the process are available for inclusion in a geoinformation system on the Palatine (»PalatinGIS«). The GIS serves as a working tool for a study on the visualisation history of the Palatine (Sielhorst). In this ­article, the role of five images of the Palatine is explained in more detail by briefly describing them and placing them in their context in terms of the ­history of media and ideas.</p> 2021-12-17T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Gadara, Jordanien. 749 AD. Ein Erdbebenhorizont am höchsten Punkt des Siedlungsareals. Auszug aus den Arbeiten der Jahre 2015, 2018 und 2019 2021-12-15T15:33:55+01:00 Claudia Bührig Hanna Hamel Heike Möller Luna Watkins <p>The ongoing archaeological research at the ancient site of Gadara, Jordan, conducted jointly with the Department of Antiquities of Jordan has set its ­focus in the last years to the hilltop, the area of the upper village of Umm Qays, called Hara Foqa. The report presents an overview on the activities done in the last years with focus on a building-complex, probably destroyed by the earthquake in 749 CE. Its embedding into a broader context gives a first insight into the ­settlement history and development at the highest point of the ancient town. It shows the potential of an area that was left in Umayyad times and resettled more than thousand years later, when families started building their houses there again.</p> 2021-12-17T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Baalbek, Libanon. Feldforschungen und Konservierungsarbeiten. Die Arbeiten des Jahres 2020 2021-12-15T15:33:54+01:00 Margarete van Ess Julia Nàdor Henning Burwitz Holger Wienholz <p>In Baalbek, the development of the city from a prehistoric tell to a Roman city and its constant metamorphosis into the early modern period has been the subject of research for many years. Adapting to travel and work oppor­tunities and taking into account the COVID-19 pandemic, fieldwork in Baalbek also took place in 2020, but in several working stages and for a shorter period than planned. Work continued in three areas: with photographic and photogrammetric documentation in the Roman sanctuary of Jupiter, with exca­vations in the medieval quarter in the so-called Bustan Nassif, and for the preparation of conservation measures in the ›Bustan el-Khan‹ with its public buildings from the Roman period.</p> 2021-12-17T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Prilep, North Macedonia. House taskscapes in the Early Neolithic of the Pelagonia Valley: micro-refuse analyses. First results of the Campaign 2019 2021-12-15T15:33:51+01:00 Ferran Antolín Vesna Dimitrijević Goce Naumov Amalia Sabanov Raül Soteras <p>New research, which involves the systematic collection of sediment samples, their treatment with the wash-over method, extraction of micro-refuse, and their subsequent analysis, started being implemented at archaeological sites in the Pelagonia Valley (North Macedonia) in the summer of 2019. Three Early Neolithic (ca. 6000–5800 cal BC) sites are being investigated and compared, with a focus on archaeobotanical materials, but also on other ­environmental and palaeoeconomic evidence. This paper presents the methodology applied and the first results from a series of samples (those for which the analyses were completed in 2021) from the 2019 campaign at the site of Vrbjanska Čuka. The goal is to illustrate the potential of micro-refuse analysis of samples coming from house contexts.</p> 2021-12-17T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Maikop, Russische Föderation. Neues zur Domestikation des Pferdes. Die Anfänge führen in den Kaukasus während des 4. Jahrtausends v. Chr. Aktuelle Resultate 2021 2021-12-15T15:33:50+01:00 Svend Hansen Ludovic Orlando Sabine Reinhold Andrej Belinskij Alexej Kalmykov <p>A new palaeogenetic study by Ludovic Orlando and his team at the Centre for Anthropobiology and Genomics of Toulouse, CNRS / Université Toulouse III – Paul Sabatier, in which also scientists from the DAI were involved, has now shed new light on the horse domestication. The study published in Nature 2021, which was carried out within the framework of the ERC project »PEGASUS«, shows that there were in fact two different domesti­cation ­processes. The first time horses were domesticated was in the mid-4th ­millennium BC in the Kazakh steppe. The best known site of the first do­mestication (DOM1) is Botai. However, these early domestic horses were replaced by a genetically distinct second domestication type (DOM2), which became dominant in lager parts of western Eurasia around 2200 BC. At ­present, the oldest ancestor of the new DOM2 horse may be considered to be a horse found in a burial mound of the Aygurskiy 2 necropolis in the steppe zone north of the Caucasus, dated to the second third of the 4th ­millennium BC.</p> 2021-12-17T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Nu’usi und Nggela, Salomonen. Neue archäologische Forschungen auf den Salomonen Inseln. Die Ergebnisse der Feldkampagnen 2020 und 2021 2021-12-15T15:33:48+01:00 Grinta Bemama Reubenson Gegeu Lawrence Kiko Stephen Manebosa Johannes Moser <p>The current research project is designed to focus on archaeological ­investigations on the pre- and protohistory of the Solomon Islands. In 2020 and 2021, two new research programs were initialized and field work was conducted on the island of Nu’usi in the Maramasike Passage and on the Nggela Island group in Central Province. The archaeological survey on Nu’usi yielded various features in terms of deposited flint nodules, zones of waste flakes and lithic core adzes as indications of knapping activities from the tool production and also architectural structures such as artificial heaps and ­footpaths. The archaeological survey on Nggela Island resulted in the ­discovery of eight caves and ten rock shelters. A great number of these sites are showing evidences of human presence in prehistoric times.</p> 2021-12-17T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Emporion (Empúries – L´Escala), Spanien. Der Architekturdekor von Emporion. Untersuchungen zum Baudekor der griechischen und römischen Stadt. Die Arbeiten der Jahre 2019 bis 2021 2021-12-15T15:23:37+01:00 Ulrich-Walter Gans <p>The largest Greek settlement on the Iberian Peninsula was the coastal town of Emporion. After the Second Punic War, it was also settled by the Romans and continuously expanded. Significant evidence of monumental and ­residential buildings has been preserved from both cultures. The project »EMPORION« explores the ornamental and figurative decoration of this ­architecture. There are around 350 large-format objects. These not only provide information of the dating and evaluation of the buildings, but also of the development of the Emporion. In addition, they have an informative ­value for the art and cultural-historical development of the western Mediterranean area in general.</p> Copyright (c) 2021 Córdoba, Spanien. Madīnat al-Zahrā'. Die Arbeiten der Jahre 2020 und 2021 2021-12-15T15:33:45+01:00 Felix Arnold <p>Outside of Córdoba (Spain), the remains of the palatial city of a caliph are preserved: Madīnat al-Zahrāʼ. An ongoing cooperation project focuses on the Plaza de Armas, a huge esplanade outside the caliph's residence. Excavations at the north-east corner of the plaza have provided new insights into its structural development, from its formation as the forecourt of the ruler's ­palace to the construction of monumental porticos. Iron elements found at a gate have been restored and analyzed, and the city's garden area visualized. In addition a new project has been initiated to document and investigate one of the audience halls of the caliph. The investigations provide new insights into the transformation of the caliphate and its representation in ­architecture.</p> 2021-12-17T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Pergamon, Türkei. Die Altgrabungen auf dem Musalla Mezarlığı in Pergamon. Die Arbeiten des Jahres 2021 2021-12-15T15:34:06+01:00 Fabian Sliwka <p>During a six-month DAI research grant from the Istanbul Department, the documentary material of the old excavations at Musalla Mezarlığı in ­ancient Pergamon, located in the Pergamon Archives, was newly recorded and examined with regard to its scientific informative value. From records already inserted into the iDAI.field database, an attempt was also made to obtain a quantitative overview of the excavations' excavated find <br>material. The project served as preparation for a larger study possibly a ­dissertation, on the settlement and research history of the Musalla Mezarlığı and its find material. Due to the global pandemic, the project was worked on from home office.</p> 2021-12-14T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Pergamon, Türkei. Neue Forschungen zum Pitanedossier aus Pergamon. Ein Arbeitsbericht der Jahre 2018 bis 2021 2021-12-15T15:24:05+01:00 Julian Schneider <p>The so-called Pitane Dossier from Pergamon documents a case of interstate arbitration in a territorial dispute on the western coast of Asia Minor, involving the cities of Pitane and Mytilene. Containing two decrees and an arbitral award, the dossier sheds light on the preliminary negotiations, the judicial procedure, and the final decision by five Pergamene judges. In the course of recent epigraphic fieldwork in Pergamon since 2016, three ­unpublished fragments had been identified as pertaining to this inscription. This substantial progress provided a strong incentive to re-edit the whole monument, in­cluding the already known fragments, and to accompany the new textual edition with a systematic commentary.</p> Copyright (c) 2021