Ute Effland

Abydos, Ägypten: Osiriskult

The area of Umm el-Qaab consists primarily of an elite cemetery of the late Naqada Period and in particular of the necropolis of the kings of the 0‒2nd Dynasty around 3000 BC. Nearly 1000 years later during the Middle Kingdom this necropolis was identified as the funeral place of the god Osiris. The tomb of Osiris was in close ritual and processional connection to the other Abydene sanctuaries and became the main focus of worship. The arising local cult of Osiris lasted at least from the Middle Kingdom to Late Antiquity, with culminations during the 19th ‒ 20th Dynasty, the Libyan Period, and the 25th and 26th Dynasties.